Apr 23, 1987

Membrane potential, lipid regulation and adenylate energy charge in acyl chain modified Acholeplasma laidlawii

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
T ClementzA Wieslander

Abstract

In Acholeplasma laidlawii variations induced in the transmembrane electrical potential have been shown to affect the membrane lipid composition. Particularly the molar ratio between the predominant glucolipids, monoglucosyldiacylglycerol and diglucosyldiacylglycerol, decreases upon hyperpolarization and increases upon depolarization (Clementz et al. (1986) Biochemistry 25, 823-830). Upon variation of the degree of membrane fatty acyl chain unsaturation, known to affect the passive permeability for a number of small molecules, there was no significant correlation between acyl chain composition and the magnitude of the electrical potential. Hyperpolarization by valinomycin decreased the glucolipid ratio for all kinds of membranes, but the size of the decrease was not correlated to the acyl chain composition. However, a clear relationship, independent of acyl chain composition, was found between the extent of hyperpolarization and the size of the decrease in the glucolipid ratio. The adenylate energy charge value (Ec) of the cells was affected by the acyl chain composition, although not exclusively by the proportion of unsaturation. Furthermore, a larger hyperpolarization upon valinomycin addition was accompanied by a stronger red...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Valinomycin
Energy Metabolism
Resting Potentials
Linoleic Acids
Acholeplasma laidlawii
Palmitic Acids
Sodium Palmitate
Oleate
Adenine Nucleotides
Oleic Acids

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