Jun 1, 1993

Memory complaints in epilepsy: correlations with cognitive performance and neuroticism

Epilepsy Research
J VermeulenW C Alpherts


Subjective memory functioning was assessed by a questionnaire in 102 patients with epilepsy. Factor analysis of their responses yielded five factors: (1) Absentmindedness, (2) Retrieval, (3) Memory for Semantic Structures, (4) Childhood Memories and (5) Rote Memory. Scales representing the factors were constructed. On all scales, patients (n = 71) who had been specifically referred for an evaluation of subjective memory problems showed moderate to large differences from normal Controls (n = 111) in complaint scores, indicating adequate sensitivity of the scales to clinically significant complaint levels. By contrast, candidates for epilepsy surgery (n = 31) resembled the Controls in their perceived memory status, showing a moderately elevated complaint level on only one of the factor based scales. Relationships of subjective memory difficulties to performance on objective tests of memory and other relevant cognitive functions as well as neuroticism were examined. The two epilepsy groups were fairly similar in their test performance, but differed markedly in their subjective memory problems. Also, correlational analysis revealed only a single weak correlation between cognitive tests and subjective memory ratings. The present fin...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Memory Loss
Chronic Disease
Memory for Designs Test
Neurotic Disorders
Single Seizure
Memory Disorders
Neuropsychological Tests
Performance Tests

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