Nov 13, 2019

Meropenem-Vaborbactam Activity against Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacterales Isolates Collected in U.S. Hospitals during 2016 to 2018

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Mariana CastanheiraDee Shortridge

Abstract

The activities of meropenem-vaborbactam and comparators against 152 (1.1%) carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) isolates identified among 13,929 Enterobacterales isolates collected from U.S. hospitals during 2016 to 2018 were evaluated. CRE rates were higher in the Middle Atlantic census division (3.5%) than in the other divisions (range, 0.0% for the West North Central division to 1.4% for the West South Central division). Among the CRE isolates, 134 carried carbapenemase genes, and these included 72 isolates carrying blaKPC-3, 51 isolates carrying blaKPC-2, 4 isolates carrying blaNDM-1, 3 isolates carrying blaSME-4, 2 isolates carrying blaVIM-1, 1 isolate carrying blaOXA-232, and 1 isolate carrying blaKPC-4 Meropenem-vaborbactam was active against 95.4% of the CRE isolates and 94.8% of the carbapenem-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) isolates when applying the CLSI breakpoints. All isolates producing serine carbapenemases were inhibited by meropenem-vaborbactam at ≤8 mg/liter. One Citrobacter freundii isolate carrying blaKPC-3 had a meropenem-vaborbactam MIC of 8 mg/liter and was resistant according to CLSI breakpoints (the isolate was susceptible when the EUCAST criterion of an MIC of ≤8 mg/liter for susceptible was ap...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Meropenem
Carbapenemase
Genes
Carbapenems
Colistin
Klebsiella pneumoniae
AcrAB-TolC protein, E coli
Beta-Lactamase
Amikacin
OmpC protein

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