Mesenchymal stem cell derived exosomes enhance lymphangiogenesis via exosomal transfer of Ang-2/Tie2

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ting ZhaoYongmin Yan

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cell derived exosomes (MSC-Ex) are nanosized membrane-bound extracellular vesicles found in MSC conditioned medium, that have yielded beneficial effects in several experimental models of organ injury. However, the therapeutic value and mechanism of MSC-Ex in lymphedema is poorly understood. Here we find that human umbilical cord MSCs derived exosomes (hucMSC-Ex) treatment contributed to the regeneration of LYVE-1 positive lymphatic vessels and reduction of lymphedema in a mouse model of tail lymphedema. Following uptake, exosomal lymphangiogenic factors (angiopoietin (Ang)-2 and Tie2) are taken up by HDLECs and promoted HDLECs proliferation, migration, and tube formation in vitro. We also find that exosomal Ang-2 and Tie2 exert a prolymphangiogenic effect on HDLECs through upregulating Prox1 and VEGFR3/p-Akt expression. In conclusion, our result unravel a previously unappreciated prolymphangiogenic role of hucMSC-Ex in lymphedema therapy and provide a new mechanism of Ang-2 in therapeutic lymphangiogenesis.

Related Concepts

Angiotensin II
Blood Vessel
Lymphedema
Natural Regeneration
Umbilical Cord Structure
Up-Regulation (Physiology)
Culture Media, Conditioned
Uptake
Cell Proliferation
Angiopoietin 4

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