Jul 26, 2016

Meta-analysis reveals taxon- and life stage-dependent effects of ocean acidification on marine calcifier feeding performance

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jeff C Clements

Abstract

While ocean acidification is considered among the greatest threats to marine ecosystems, its effects on the feeding performance of marine calcifiers remain uncertain. I conducted a meta-analysis of effect sizes (LnRR) assessing the impacts of acidification on the feeding ability of three groups of marine calcifiers - molluscs, arthropods, and echinoderms. Results suggested taxon-dependent effects of acidification on calcifier feeding performance, with depressed feeding observed for molluscs, echinoderms, and when all taxa were considered. However, ocean acidification had no effect on feeding performance in marine arthropods and larval feeding performance appeared more vulnerable than that of juveniles and adults. Feeding performance was not related to acclimation time nor pCO2 level. This study suggests that the feeding performance of molluscs and early life-stage echinoderms may be depressed in a more acidic ocean, but that arthropod feeding performance is unlikely to suffer. Such changes in feeding performance could contribute to slower growth and development in the early life stages of these organisms and could potentially contribute to changes in community and ecosystem structure where these organisms coexist. Finally, feed...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Meta-Analysis (Publications)
Meta Analysis (Statistical Procedure)
Depressed - Symptom
Acclimatization
Mollusca
Acidification - ActCode
Larva
Structure
Acids

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