PMID: 241948Oct 17, 1975

Metabolic alkalosis. Compensation mechanisms in the light of new experimental data

Minerva medica
A RandazzoS Santambrogio


Changes in arterial blood and erythrocyte acid-base and electrolyte balance in the course of acute alkalinisation caused by bicarbonate loading showed that extracellular alkalosis has no significant effect on the concentration of intraerythrocyte bicarbonate concentration, though a marked increase in pH and electrolyte balance within the red cell is apparent. Erythrocyte alkalinisation may thus be seen as essentially due to the escape of H+ ions, while the entry of Na+ ions is the main device by which the law of electroneutrality is respected. The literature suggests that lactic acid offers a source of H+ ions for destruction of bicarbonate, whereas the diffusion of the ion lactate within the cell is compensated by the release of Cl-. In addition, the data now reported indicate that the red cell is a sufficiently valid model for the study of phenomena occurring within the intracellular compartment when a state of extracellular alkalinisation in created.

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Carbonic Acid Ions
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Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
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