Metabolic and hormonal effects of preferential beta 1 and beta 2-adrenoceptor stimulation in man

Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
C TantucciV Grassi

Abstract

The changes of blood glucose, serum potassium (K+), plasma non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), plasma insulin and plasma renin activity (PRA) following the preferential stimulation of beta-1 and beta-2 adrenoceptors were studied in 7 healthy subjects during a 60-min infusion of prenalterol, a new, relatively beta-1 selective agonist and salbutamol, a well known, relatively beta-2 selective agonist. Two different high and low doses were used for both agents: 300 micrograms and 600 micrograms and 1 mg and 2 mg for salbutamol and prenalterol, respectively. The levels of PRA seemed equally increased by the two agents in proportion to the dose infused, thus suggesting an equally important role for beta-1 and beta-2 adrenoceptors in renin release. Blood glucose did not change during prenalterol infusions, while increased by 12 +/- 2 mg/100 ml (mean +/- SE; p less than 0.01) and 25 +/- 3 mg/100 ml (p less than 0.01) on salbutamol, at low and high dose, respectively. Similarly the decrement of serum K+ was significantly more pronounced (p less than 0.01) after salbutamol infusion (0.6 +/- 0.07 mEq/L and 1.0 less than 0.09 mEq/L, at low and high dose, respectively) than after prenalterol (0.1 +/- 0.07 mEq/L and 0.3 +/- 0.05 mEq/L). These...Continue Reading

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Citations

Dec 3, 1999·British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·S M FreudenthalerC H Gleiter
Oct 16, 2004·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Wendy W WatersJanice V Meck

Related Concepts

Proventil
Blood Glucose
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Glucagon
Insulin B Chain
Potassium
Prenalterol Hydrochloride
Beta-adrenergic receptor
Preprorenin

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