PMID: 44381Nov 1, 1979

Metabolic and physiological effects of adrenoceptor agonists and antagonists in the horse

Research in Veterinary Science
D H Snow

Abstract

In the horse the effect of the adrenergenic agonists adrenaline, phenylephrine and salbutamol on haematocrit, plasma free fatty acid, glycerol and lactate levels were investigated. Effects on heart rate, sweating and muscle tremor were also studied. The effects of administration of the adrenoceptor antagonists propranolol, metoprolol, H35/25 and acepromazine on adrenaline-induced changes were examined. The results obtained with these agonists and antagonists suggest that the lipolysis and hyperglycaemia are mediated via beta-adrenoceptors. It appears that both beta1 and beta2 subtypes are involved. Muscle glycogenolysis, muscle tremor and sweating were mediated via beta2-adrenoceptors. Although salbutamol caused an elevation in haematocrit the other results support the alpha-mediation of adrenaline induced increases in haematocrit.

Related Concepts

Phenylephrine Hydrochloride
Glycerin
Sultanol
Sal-Phedrine
Adrenergic Agonists
Lactates
Medihaler-Epi
H 35-25, hydrochloride, (+-)-isomer
Calmivet
Inotropism

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.