Metabolic studies of ornidazole in the rat, in the dog and in man

Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
D E SchwartzG Oesterhelt


1. Ornidazole, labelled with 14C in the imidazole ring, administered orally to rats, dogs and men was largely excreted in the urine, predominantly as metabolites, with less than 4% of the drug being excreted unchanged. Free and conjugated metabolites were found in the ratio of approx. 1 : 2. 2. The pattern of free ornidazole and metabolites was different in the three species: while ornidazole predominated in man, ornidazole and metabolite M1 in the dog, the most extensive metabolic pattern was found in the rat. 3. The following metabolites were identified: M1, 1-chlorlo-3-(2-hydroxymethyl-5-nitro-1-imidazolyl)-2-propanol; M2, 2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole; M3, N-(3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl)acetamide: M4, 3-(-2-methyl-5-nitro-1-imidazolyl)-1, 2-propanediol; M5, acetamide. 4. The formation of metabolite M3 and M5 indicated cleavage of the imidazole ring between N-1/C-5 and C-2/C-3. Other ring scissions were not observed. Metabolites carrying a free amino group were not detected. On the basis of the structures identified, a scheme is suggested for the metabolism of ornidazole.


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