PMID: 38079Mar 1, 1979

Metabolism and disposition by the rat of 35S-sulfadiazine alone and in the presence of trimethoprim

Drug Metabolism and Disposition : the Biological Fate of Chemicals
J L Woolley, C W Sigel


The tissue distribution and metabolism of 35S-sulfadiazine (I, SDZ) alone and in the presence of trimethoprim (TMP) was studied in the male rat. In the 72-hr period following a single oral dose (30 mg/kg) of 35S-SDZ/TMP (5/1, w/w), 87% of the radioactivity was recovered in the urine and 15% of the radioactivity was recovered in the feces. The concentrations of drug-related material in the plasma or tissues after 72 hr were less than 0.1 ppm with the exception of the liver (0.13 ppm). Aside from intact drug, the two major urinary metabolites (greater than 5% of the radioactivity in urine) were N4-acetylsulfadiazine (II) and sulfadiazine N4-glucuronide (VI). Three minor urinary metabolites (less than 5%) were identified as N4-acetyl-2-sulfanilamido-4-hydroxypyrimidine (IV), 2-sulfanilamido-4-hydroxypyrimidine (III) and 2-sulfanilamido-5-hydroxypyrimidine (V). Metabolites IV and V are novel metabolites of SDZ and have not been reported previously for any species. The relative amounts of sulfadiazine and its metabolites excreted in the urine and feces as well as the distribution of intact drug and 35S in rat tissues were determined. The metabolites were screened for antibacterial activity; the N4-acetylated metabolites II and IV we...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Metabolic Biotransformation
Drug Interactions
Drug or Chemical Tissue Distribution

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