Jan 1, 1986

Metabolism of 14C-estazolam in dogs and humans

Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
J M MachinistD Rollins


14C-Estazolam (2 mg) administered orally to dogs and human subjects was rapidly and completely absorbed with peak plasma levels occurring within one hour. In humans, plasma levels peaked at 103 +/- 18 ng/ml and declined monoexponentially with a half-life of 14 h. The mean concn. of estazolam in dog plasma at 0.5 h was 186 ng/ml. Six metabolites were found in dog plasma at 0.5 and 8 h, whereas only two metabolites were detected in human plasma up to 18 h. Metabolites common to both species were 1-oxo-estazolam (I) and 4-hydroxy-estazolam (IV). Major metabolites in dog and human plasma were free and conjugated 4-hydroxy-estazolam; the concn. were higher in dogs. After five days, 79% and 87% of the administered radioactivity was excreted in dog and human urine, respectively. Faecal excretion accounted for 19% of the dose in dog and 4% in man. Eleven metabolites were found in the 0-72 h urine of dogs and humans; less than 4% dose was excreted unchanged. Four metabolites were identified as: 1-oxo-estazolam (I), 4'-hydroxy-estazolam (II), 4-hydroxy-estazolam (IV) and the benzophenone (VII), as free metabolites and glucuronides. The major metabolite in dog urine was 4-hydroxy-estazolam (20% of the dose), while the predominant metaboli...Continue Reading

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  • References2
  • Citations8


Mentioned in this Paper

Human plasma
Metabolic Process, Cellular
Human urine
Anti-Anxiety Effect
Intravenous Injections
Carbon Radioisotopes
Body Excretions

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