Metabolism of caffeine to 6-amino-5-[N-methylformylamino]-1,3-dimethyluracil in the isolated, perfused liver from control or phenobarbital-, beta-naphthoflavone- and 3-methylcholanthrene-pretreated rats

Toxicology Letters
A GuaitaniK Szczawinska


Caffeine metabolism to 6-amino-5-[N-methylformylamino]-1,3-dimethyluracil was studied in the isolated, perfused rat liver. The [2-14C]-labelled drug and metabolites were separated by thin-layer chromatography or high-pressure liquid chromatography. The chemical structure of 6-amino-5-[N-methylformylamino]-1,3-dimethyluracil was confirmed by mass spectrometry and it was quantitatively determined by liquid scintillation counting. 6-Amino-5-[N-methylformylamino]-1,3-dimethyluracil is one of the major metabolites of caffeine found in the perfusion medium. The kinetics of caffeine elimination and of the uracil metabolite formation were studied up to 2 h perfusion time using livers from control rats and rats pretreated with phenobarbital, beta-naphthoflavone or 3-methylcholanthrene. Phenobarbital pretreatment did not modify the rate of caffeine elimination or the extent of 6-amino-5-[N-methylformylamino]-1,3-dimethyluracil formation. In contrast, there was a highly significant inducing effect on both drug elimination and formation of the uracil metabolite in perfusions of livers from beta-naphthoflavone- and 3-methylcholanthrene-pretreated animals.


Oct 1, 1977·Life Sciences·A AldridgeA H Neims
Aug 1, 1973·Teratology·J J Mulvihill
Jul 1, 1972·Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology·T Fujii, H Nishimura
Jul 1, 1968·Cancer·H J Norris, H B Taylor
Aug 1, 1980·The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology·R LatiniA Bizzi
Jan 1, 1981·Toxicology·L G CostaS D Murphy
May 1, 1960·Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine·H NISHIMURA, K NAKAI


Jan 11, 1991·Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology·T HisadaJ V Walsh

Related Concepts

Metabolic Biotransformation
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Procedure
Drug Interactions

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Computational Methods for Protein Structures

Computational methods employing machine learning algorithms are powerful tools that can be used to predict the effect of mutations on protein structure. This is important in neurodegenerative disorders, where some mutations can cause the formation of toxic protein aggregations. This feed follows the latests insights into the relationships between mutation and protein structure leading to better understanding of disease.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.