PMID: 2872757Apr 1, 1986

Metabolism of nipradilol by liver homogenates from different species. I. Comparative studies on the denitration of nipradilol and other organic nitrates

Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
S KabutoJ Suzuki


Nipradilol (NP) was metabolized mainly in liver and denitrated and/or hydroxylated metabolites were formed. NP was not metabolized in heart or lung, and was stable in blood. Denitration of NP was catalysed mainly by glutathione-dependent organic nitrate reductase in liver cytosol, and the hydroxylation was catalysed by liver-microsomal enzymes. Denitration activity for NP was far lower than that for nitroglycerol and isosorbide dinitrate with liver homogenates of several animal species. A marked species difference was found in the denitration activity for NP; dog liver was especially low compared with rabbit, rat and mouse liver.


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