Metabolism of tamoxifen by isolated rat hepatocytes. Identification of 1-[4-(2-hydroxyethoxy)phenyl]-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenyl-1-butene and the dependence of N-oxidation on oxygen availability

Biochemical Pharmacology
I B ParrS Stoessel


Metabolism of tamoxifen by rat hepatocytes and hydrolysis of the resulting polar metabolites corresponding to conjugates with beta-glucuronidase gave a major component which was identified as 1-[4-(2-hydroxyethoxy)phenyl]-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenyl-1-butene by comparison of mass spectral properties with those of synthetic material. This compound, which was not observed as a phase I metabolite, is believed to have been found previously in rat bile and in human faeces (metabolite F) but its structure had been incorrectly assigned. Its binding affinity for the estrogen receptor was greater than that of tamoxifen but less than that of 4-hydroxytamoxifen, and it possessed a corresponding degree of antitumour activity against the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. By carrying out the hepatocyte incubation separately under oxygen and air, it has been shown that the N-oxidation of tamoxifen is favoured by a high concentration of oxygen during in vitro metabolism but that the rate of 4-hydroxylation is not dependent on oxygen availability.


Feb 1, 1986·Journal of Steroid Biochemistry·A B FosterI B Parr
Nov 1, 1973·Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems·J M FromsonS Bramah
Nov 1, 1973·Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems·J M FromsonS Bramah

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