Sep 10, 2019

Metabolite therapy guided by liquid biopsy proteomics delays retinal neurodegeneration

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Katherine WertVinit B. Mahajan

Abstract

Neurodegenerative diseases are debilitating, incurable disorders caused by progressive neuronal cell death. Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a blinding neurodegenerative disease that results in retinal photoreceptor cell death and progresses to the loss of the entire neural retinal network. We previously found that proteomic analysis of the adjacent vitreous serves as way to indirectly biopsy the neural retina and identify changes in the retinal proteome. We therefore analyzed protein expression in liquid vitreous biopsies from autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (arRP) patients with PDE6A mutations and arRP mice with Pde6ɑ mutations. Proteomic analysis of retina and vitreous samples identified molecular pathways affected at the onset of photoreceptor cell death. Based on affected molecular pathways, arRP mice were treated with a ketogenic diet or metabolites involved in fatty-acid synthesis, oxidative phosphorylation, and the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. Dietary supplementation of a single metabolite, ɑ-ketoglutarate, increased docosahexaeonic acid (DHA) levels, provided neuroprotection, and enhanced visual function in arRP mice. A ketogenic diet delayed photoreceptor cell loss, while vitamin B supplementation had a limite...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Photoreceptors
Study
Biochemical Pathway
Docosahexaenoic acid
Aconitic Acid
Diet
Thymidine
Biopsy of Vitreous
Alpha Ketoglutarate
Vision

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