Metabolome analysis using cerebrospinal fluid from narcolepsy type 1 patients.

Sleep
Mihoko ShimadaMakoto Honda

Abstract

Narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) is a hypersomnia characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and cataplexy. Inappropriate regulation of fatty acid metabolism has been suggested to be involved in the pathophysiology of NT1, but the detailed mechanisms remain uncertain. Here we performed a metabolomic analysis of cerebrospinal fluid samples from 14 NT1 and 17 control subjects using a novel capillary electrophoresis coupled with Fourier transform mass spectrometry. A total of 268 metabolites were identified and the amount of histidine was the most significantly increased in NT1 patients (p = 4.0 × 10-4). Validation analysis using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) including independent replication samples also identified the association of histidine (p = 2.02 × 10-3). Further, levels of histamine, which is synthesized from histidine, were also examined using HPLC and were found to be significantly decreased in NT1 patients (p = 6.12 × 10-4). Pathway analysis with nominally significant metabolites identified several pathways related to the metabolism of glycogenic amino acids, suggesting that glycogenesis is enhanced in NT1 as a compensatory mechanism for fatty acid metabolism. We performed further exploratory analysis, search...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Sleep Latency
Cataplexy
Homo sapiens
Narcolepsy-Cataplexy Syndrome
Polysomnography
Metabolic Profile
Cerebrospinal Fluid
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Procedure
Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Histidine

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