Jun 19, 2015

Metacommunities in Dynamic Landscapes

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Charles Novaes de SantanaCarlos J. Melián

Abstract

Predictions from theory, field data, and experiments have shown that high landscape connectivity promotes higher species richness than low connectivity. However, examples demonstrating high diversity in low connected landscapes also exist. Here we describe the many factors that drive landscape connectivity at different spatiotemporal scales by varying the amplitude and frequency of changes in the dispersal radius of spatial networks. We found that the fluctuations of landscape connectivity support metacommunities with higher species richness than static landscapes. Our results also show a dispersal radius threshold below which species richness drops dramatically in static landscapes. Such a threshold is not observed in dynamic landscapes for a broad range of amplitude and frequency values determining landscape connectivity. We conclude that merging amplitude and frequency as drivers of landscape connectivity together with patch dynamics into metacommunity theory can provide new testable predictions about species diversity in rapidly changing landscapes.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Fluctuation
Spatial Distribution
Drops - Drug Form
Species
Landscapes
Research Study
Amplitude

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