Jan 31, 1998

Metal-catalyzed oxidation and mutagenesis studies on the iron(II) binding site of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase

Z ZhangChristopher J Schofield


The final step in the biosynthesis of the plant signaling molecule ethylene is catalyzed by 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) oxidase, a member of the non-heme iron(II) dependent family of oxygenases and oxidases, which has a requirement for ascorbate as a co-substrate and carbon dioxide as an activator. ACC oxidase (tomato) has a particularly short half-life under catalytic conditions undergoing metal-catalyzed oxidative (MCO) fragmentation. Sequence comparisons of ACC oxidases with isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS) and members of the 2-oxoglutarate Fe(II) dependent dioxygenases show an aspartate and two of six ACC oxidase conserved histidine residues are completely conserved throughout this subfamily of Fe(II) dependent oxygenases/oxidases. Previous mutagenesis, spectroscopic, and crystallographic studies on IPNS indicate that the two completely conserved histidine and aspartate residues act as Fe(II) ligands. To investigate the role of the conserved aspartate and histidine residues in ACC oxidase (tomato fruit), they were substituted via site-directed mutagenesis. Modified ACC oxidases produced were H39Q, H56Q, H94Q, H177Q, H177D, H177E, D179E, D179N, H177D&D179E, H211Q, H234Q, H234D, and H234E. Among those histidine mut...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Signaling Molecule
Conserved Sequence
Abnormal Fragmented Structure
1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
Alpha Ketoglutarate

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