Nov 10, 1975

Metal ion dependence of the binding of triiodothyronine by cytosol proteins of bullfrog tadpole tissues

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
K YoshizatoE Frieden


The binding of triiodothyronine by Rana catesbeiana tadpole tail fin, tail muscle, kidney, and liver cytosol was studied using dextran-coated charcoal to separate bound and free hormone. A metal ion dependency was suggested by the fact that EDTA decreased the binding of triiodothyronine 80 to 90% in tail fin and tail muscle cytosol. Inhibition of binding in kidney or liver was less, 40 to 50%. This inhibition could be restored by adding an excess of divalent cations with an order of potency of Mn2+ greater than Ca2+ congruent to Co2+ greater than Sr2+ greater than Ba2+ greater than Mg2+. Other chelators, e.g. o-phenanthroline, 8-hydroxyquinoline, and ethylene glycol bis(beta-aminoethylether)-N,N'-tetraacetate also decreased the binding of triiodothyronine, whereas citrate, oxalate, imidazole, and glycine had no effect. The triiodothyronine binding capacity of tail fin cytosol was reduced by EDTA treatment and dialysis against buffer. Ca2+ in the 1 to 10 mM range and Mn2+ at 1 mM could restore the binding to normal levels. Higher Mn2+ increased binding 70% above normal or to Ca2+-restored levels. The triiodothyronine cytosol binding activity was nondialyzable, heat-labile. pH-dependent, pronase-digestible, but unaffected by incu...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

CA2 gene
Cations, Divalent
Protein Binding
Deoxyribonuclease I
Ethylene Glycol Measurement
Hormone Receptors, Cell Surface
Tissue Specificity

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