Jul 1, 2008

Methanogenic archaea: ecologically relevant differences in energy conservation

Nature Reviews. Microbiology
Rudolf K ThauerReiner Hedderich

Abstract

Most methanogenic archaea can reduce CO(2) with H(2) to methane, and it is generally assumed that the reactions and mechanisms of energy conservation that are involved are largely the same in all methanogens. However, this does not take into account the fact that methanogens with cytochromes have considerably higher growth yields and threshold concentrations for H(2) than methanogens without cytochromes. These and other differences can be explained by the proposal outlined in this Review that in methanogens with cytochromes, the first and last steps in methanogenesis from CO(2) are coupled chemiosmotically, whereas in methanogens without cytochromes, these steps are energetically coupled by a cytoplasmic enzyme complex that mediates flavin-based electron bifurcation.

Mentioned in this Paper

Methane
Energy Metabolism
Anatomic Bifurcation
Archaea
Phylogeny
Cytochromes
Archaeal Proteins
Cytoplasmic
Methanogenesis
Flavins

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