Methionine metabolism and ultrastructural changes with D-galactosamine in isolated rat hepatocytes

Chemico-biological Interactions
M OzturkA Lemonnier


The biochemical and morphological effects of 2, 10 and 100 mM of D-galactosamine (GalN) were studied in isolated rat hepatocytes during 2 h of incubation. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) and cell viability did not change, whatever the concentration used. The variations observed, which were dose dependent, included a large drop in ATP levels and inhibition of RNA and protein synthesis. A very high concentration of GalN was necessary, however, to induce a significant decline in methionine adenosyltransferase activity compared to control cells. The use of L-[methyl-14C]methionine during cell incubation with GalN demonstrated a decrease of S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe) and an accumulation of L-methionine content related to the GalN concentration. These results suggested that an hepatotoxic agent such as GalN was able to induce disturbances of methionine metabolism. Some of the ultrastructural changes observed were different from those previously found in vivo, in rats given GalN intraperitoneally, underlining the marked difference between in vivo and in vitro intoxication.


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