PMID: 7939748Oct 1, 1994Paper

Methodological issues in studies of the treatment, diagnosis, and etiology of prostate cancer

Seminars in Oncology
C B Begg

Abstract

Clinical and epidemiological research on prostate cancer is faced with some unusual methodological challenges. The very high prevalence of latent cancer, much of which never becomes clinically manifest, complicates the approach to screening and the conduct of epidemiological studies. Cost-effectiveness issues are especially relevant regarding screening policies, and these trade-offs are complicated by the absence of definitive results on the effectiveness of the various treatment options. The presentation of advanced disease is also unusual, in that the vast majority of patients do not have measurable disease suitable for traditional studies of new chemotherapy agents. These problems necessitate creative approaches to the design and analysis of research studies in this disease: cost-effectiveness analysis is crucial to the evaluation of screening policies; opportunistic designs will be essential to the valid study of cancer etiology, eg, the use of cystoprostatectomy series for studies of epidemiologic risk factors; and posttreatment changes in PSA levels may be valuable as a criterion for screening new agents in advanced disease. Regardless of these new methods, traditional methodological approaches are essential to the valid ...Continue Reading

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