May 14, 2005

Methods and clinical value of peripheral nerve refractory period measurement in man

Neurophysiologie clinique = Clinical neurophysiology
D BoërioJ-P Lefaucheur

Abstract

Immediately after action potential occurrence, owing to transient sodium channel inactivation, axon excitability is reduced for a short period of time, including the absolute refractory period, a first period of total inexcitability, followed by the relative refractory period. There are basically two different stimulation protocols to estimate axonal refractoriness, i.e. "paired-pulse" and "collision" techniques. Refractory period has been assessed in various conditions and appeared to depend on several physiological or methodological factors, featuring the type of nerve or the characteristics of the subject, but also the technique of stimulation or the method of data analysis. In addition, refractory periods can be altered by pathological conditions. Several studies showed prolonged refractory periods in patients suffering from alcoholic, diabetic or toxic neuropathies. Refractory period abnormality is a sensitive marker of axonal dysfunction as observed in Guillain-Barré syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome or multiple sclerosis. Thus, the measurement of the refractory periods is a valuable tool to study the pathophysiology of peripheral nerves, complementary to standard nerve conduction studies. However, the application of these...Continue Reading

  • References60
  • Citations2

References

  • References60
  • Citations2

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Ischemia
Action Potentials
Refractory Period, Electrophysiological
Neuropathy
Refractory Period
Axon
Perineurium
Entire Peripheral Nerve
Inotropism
Peripheral Neuropathy

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
D BoërioJean-Pascal Lefaucheur
Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
D BurkeH Bostock
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved