Methods for determining time of death

Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Burkhard Madea

Abstract

Medicolegal death time estimation must estimate the time since death reliably. Reliability can only be provided empirically by statistical analysis of errors in field studies. Determining the time since death requires the calculation of measurable data along a time-dependent curve back to the starting point. Various methods are used to estimate the time since death. The current gold standard for death time estimation is a previously established nomogram method based on the two-exponential model of body cooling. Great experimental and practical achievements have been realized using this nomogram method. To reduce the margin of error of the nomogram method, a compound method was developed based on electrical and mechanical excitability of skeletal muscle, pharmacological excitability of the iris, rigor mortis, and postmortem lividity. Further increasing the accuracy of death time estimation involves the development of conditional probability distributions for death time estimation based on the compound method. Although many studies have evaluated chemical methods of death time estimation, such methods play a marginal role in daily forensic practice. However, increased precision of death time estimation has recently been achieved ...Continue Reading

References

Apr 27, 1979·Zeitschrift für Rechtsmedizin. Journal of legal medicine·Claus Henssge
May 27, 1977·Zeitschrift für Rechtsmedizin. Journal of legal medicine·G BeierW Spann
Apr 1, 1992·Journal - Forensic Science Society·Burkhard Madea
Oct 1, 1991·Forensic Science International : Synergy·T O RognumO D Saugstad
Oct 1, 1990·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Burkhard Madea, Claus Henssge
Jan 1, 1990·Zeitschrift für Rechtsmedizin. Journal of legal medicine·A AlbrechtD Seifert
Jul 1, 1990·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Burkhard MadeaC Henbge
Mar 1, 1989·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Burkhard MadeaA Gerbracht
Oct 1, 1988·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Claus HenssgeE Gallenkemper
Sep 1, 1988·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Claus Henssge
Jul 1, 1985·Medicine, Science, and the Law·M Horowitz, D J Pounder
Jan 1, 1985·Zeitschrift für Rechtsmedizin. Journal of legal medicine·Burkhard Madea, Claus Henssge
Oct 1, 1974·Forensic Science·A Brown, T K Marshall
Nov 23, 1973·Zeitschrift für Rechtsmedizin. Journal of legal medicine·P v HunniusH J Mittmeyer
Apr 1, 1972·Forensic Science·G Adjutantis, A Coutselinis
Jan 1, 1971·Zeitschrift für Rechtsmedizin. Journal of legal medicine·H J Mallach, H J Mittmeyer
Aug 1, 1984·Clinical Science·M HorowitzD J Shearman
Dec 16, 1994·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Burkhard Madea
Jun 1, 1993·The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology·J I Coe
Jun 1, 1997·The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology·R A JamesB G Sampson
Mar 31, 1999·Forensic Science International : Synergy·L Althaus, Claus Henssge
Jan 22, 2000·Forensic Science International : Synergy·F WehnerJ Subke
Jun 8, 2000·Forensic Science International : Synergy·F WehnerJ Subke
May 10, 2001·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Burkhard MadeaS Banaschak
Oct 24, 2001·Forensic Science International : Synergy·F WehnerJ Subke
Apr 13, 1963·Lancet·W Q STURNER
Aug 1, 1964·American Journal of Clinical Pathology·W Q STURNER, G E GANTNER
May 18, 2004·Ultraschall in der Medizin : Organ der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Ultraschall in der Medizin, [der] Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Ultraschall in der Medizin, [der] Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für Ultraschall in Medizin und Biologie·K OcranW Wermke
Sep 15, 2004·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Claus Henssge, Burkhard Madea
Dec 15, 1949·The Journal of Physiology·E C BATE-SMITH, J R BENDALL
Jun 9, 2005·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Burkhard Madea
Jan 28, 2006·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Burkhard Madea, Alexander Rödig
Jun 27, 2006·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Claus Henssge, Burkhard Madea
Mar 10, 2007·Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences·Bin ZhouXiaoping Jiang
Jul 3, 2008·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Dmitry ZubakovManfred Kayser
Jan 2, 2010·Forensic Science International : Synergy·S Reibe, Burkhard Madea
Jan 16, 2010·Parasitology Research·Saskia Reibe, Burkhard Madea
Jul 30, 2010·Journal of Forensic Sciences·Kusum D JashnaniAsha B Rupani
Nov 12, 2010·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Akihiko KimuraToshikazu Kondo
Mar 8, 2011·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Florian M Biermann, Stefan Potente
Aug 28, 2012·The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology·Zoran MihailovicJ P Sperhake
Dec 21, 2012·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Adrián OdriozolaMaría T Zarrabeitia
Feb 26, 2013·PloS One·Fernanda Sampaio-SilvaRicardo Silvestre
May 15, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jun Z LiWilliam E Bunney
Jun 1, 2006·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Burkhard Madea, Alexander Rödig

Citations

Oct 23, 2016·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Stefan PittnerFabio C Monticelli
Feb 10, 2017·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Amy E MaileDavid O Carter
Oct 17, 2017·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Simone CappellettiCostantino Ciallella
Sep 15, 2017·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Burkhard Madea, Elke Doberentz
Mar 4, 2018·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Angela ZisslerStefan Pittner
Oct 12, 2018·Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology·Manuela Oliveira, António Amorim
Jan 22, 2019·Journal of Forensic Sciences·Benjamin OndruschkaMarcus Schwarz
Jul 6, 2016·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Roger W Byard
Mar 6, 2019·Metabolomics : Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society·Marina Mora-OrtizSandrine P Claus
Mar 29, 2019·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Fabio De-GiorgioGabriele Ciasca
May 16, 2019·Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences·Pierre-Antoine PeyronChristophe Hirtz
Jul 10, 2019·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Burkhard Madea, Elke Doberentz
Feb 19, 2017·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Chiara CrostackSven Anders
Nov 28, 2019·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Duo PengLin Zhang
Apr 6, 2020·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Stefan PittnerJens Amendt
Mar 14, 2019·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Kyoung-Min ChoiStefan Pittner
Jul 3, 2020·Metabolomics : Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society·Ekaterina A ZelentsovaYuri P Tsentalovich
May 21, 2020·International Journal of Molecular Sciences·Pamela TozzoLuciana Caenazzo
Jul 20, 2017·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Bianca EhrenfellnerStefan Pittner
Apr 19, 2018·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Katja KoehlerSven Anders
Nov 13, 2020·Sudebno-meditsinskaia ekspertiza·S I IndiaminovS A Blinova
Nov 26, 2020·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Ann-Sofie CeciliasonHåkan Sandler
Dec 2, 2020·Diagnostics·Angela ZisslerStefan Pittner
Dec 30, 2020·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Marcel BovenschenBenno Hartung
Oct 20, 2020·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Fabián E GianaRodolfo G Pregliasco

Related Concepts

Electric Stimulation Technique
Legal Medicine Discipline
Intestinal Contents
Cardiac Arrest
Iris (Eye)
Miotic Effect
Mydriatic Effect
In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy
Muscle of Orbit
Livor Mortis

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Incretins

Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Related Papers

Forensic Science International : Synergy
Claus HenssgeE Gallenkemper
Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Michael Tsokos, Roger W Byard
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved