May 5, 2016

Methods for High-Throughput Drug Combination Screening and Synergy Scoring

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Liye HeJing Tang

Abstract

Gene products or pathways that are aberrantly activated in cancer but not in normal tissue hold great promises for being effective and safe anticancer therapeutic targets. Many targeted drugs have entered clinical trials but so far showed limited efficacy mostly due to variability in treatment responses and often rapidly emerging resistance. Towards more effective treatment options, we will critically need multi-targeted drugs or drug combinations, which selectively inhibit the cancer cells and block distinct escape mechanisms for the cells to become resistant. Functional profiling of drug combinations requires careful experimental design and robust data analysis approaches. At the Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), we have developed an experimental-computational pipeline for high-throughput screening of drug combination effects in cancer cells. The integration of automated screening techniques with advanced synergy scoring tools allows for efficient and reliable detection of synergistic drug interactions within a specific window of concentrations, hence accelerating the identification of potential drug combinations for further confirmatory studies.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Biochemical Pathway
Antineoplastic Agents
High Throughput Screening
Pharmacologic Substance
Tumor Cells, Malignant
Drug Interactions
Clinical Trials
Analysis
Malignant Neoplasms

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