PMID: 107881Jan 1, 1979

Methyl-ergometrin maleate test during coronary arteriography in spontaneous chest pain

Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux
A BenacerrafP Wagniart

Abstract

This coronary spasm provocation test with methyl-ergometrine maleate was carried out during coronary arteriography in 47 patients presenting with spontaneous chest pain. Coronary spasm was triggered in 16 cases, reproducing the chest pain in 11 patients, and accompanied by electrical changes in 15 cases, 12 subepicardial ischaemias and 3 subendocardial ischaemias. This test is not without danger to the patient as arrhythmias and conduction defects were recorded in 6 cases although the spasm was readily reversible on injection of intravenous glyceryl trinitrate. Of 7 patients with Prinzmetal variant angina, the test was positive 6 times, in three of which on pre existing severe organic lesions, so confirming the mechanism of this syndrome and the reliability of the test. Of 40 patients presenting with spontaneous chest pain, 10 had a positive test. In 2 of these cases the chest pain was subsequently observed with subepicardial ischaemic electrical changes, so confirming the screening value of this test. In the 7 cases where coronary spasm gave rise to electrical changes with or without pain, the logical diagnosis would appear to be spastic angina. In the 30 cases where the test was negative the subsequent outcome did not provide...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Angina Pectoris
Angina Pectoris, Variant
Cardiac Arrhythmia
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Sinus Node Artery
Trinitrolong
Heart Block
Methergine
Generalized Spasms
Coronary Angiography

Related Feeds

Cardiac Conduction System

The cardiac conduction system is a specialized tract of myocardial cells responsible for maintaining normal cardiac rhythm. Discover the latest research on the cardiac conduction system here.

Antianginal Drugs: Mechanisms of Action

Antianginal drugs, including nitrates, beta-blockers, and calcium channel blockers, are used in the treatment of angina pectoris. Here is the latest research on their use and their mechanism of action.

Arrhythmia

Arrhythmias are abnormalities in heart rhythms, which can be either too fast or too slow. They can result from abnormalities of the initiation of an impulse or impulse conduction or a combination of both. Here is the latest research on arrhythmias.

Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia that is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, particularly due to stroke and thromboembolism. Here is the latest research.

© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved