PMID: 107881Jan 1, 1979

Methyl-ergometrin maleate test during coronary arteriography in spontaneous chest pain

Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux
A BenacerrafP Wagniart


This coronary spasm provocation test with methyl-ergometrine maleate was carried out during coronary arteriography in 47 patients presenting with spontaneous chest pain. Coronary spasm was triggered in 16 cases, reproducing the chest pain in 11 patients, and accompanied by electrical changes in 15 cases, 12 subepicardial ischaemias and 3 subendocardial ischaemias. This test is not without danger to the patient as arrhythmias and conduction defects were recorded in 6 cases although the spasm was readily reversible on injection of intravenous glyceryl trinitrate. Of 7 patients with Prinzmetal variant angina, the test was positive 6 times, in three of which on pre existing severe organic lesions, so confirming the mechanism of this syndrome and the reliability of the test. Of 40 patients presenting with spontaneous chest pain, 10 had a positive test. In 2 of these cases the chest pain was subsequently observed with subepicardial ischaemic electrical changes, so confirming the screening value of this test. In the 7 cases where coronary spasm gave rise to electrical changes with or without pain, the logical diagnosis would appear to be spastic angina. In the 30 cases where the test was negative the subsequent outcome did not provide...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Angina Pectoris
Angina Pectoris, Variant
Cardiac Arrhythmia
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Sinus Node Artery
Heart Block
Generalized Spasms
Coronary Angiography

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