Apr 12, 2011

Methylated HBHA produced in M. smegmatis discriminates between active and non-active tuberculosis disease among RD1-responders

PloS One
Giovanni DeloguDelia Goletti

Abstract

A challenge in tuberculosis (TB) research is to develop a new immunological test that can help distinguish, among subjects responsive to QuantiFERON TB Gold In tube (QFT-IT), those who are able to control Mtb replication (remote LTBI, recent infection and past TB) from those who cannot (active TB disease). IFN-γ response to the Heparin-binding-hemagglutinin (HBHA) of Mtb has been associated with LTBI, but the cumbersome procedures of purifying the methylated and immunological active form of the protein from Mtb or M. bovis Bacillus Calmette et Guerin (BCG) have prevented its implementation in a diagnostic test. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the IFN-γ response to methylated HBHA of Mtb produced in M. smegmatis (rHBHAms) in individuals at different stages of TB who scored positive to QFT-IT. 87 individuals at different stages of TB who scored positive to QFT-IT were selected. IFN-γ response to in vitro whole blood stimulation with rHBHAms was evaluated by short-term and long-term tests and detected by ELISA or flow cytometry. We demonstrated that the IFN-γ response to rHBHAms is mediated by CD4(+) T-cells with an effector-memory phenotype. This response, evaluated by short-term-tests, is significantly lo...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Immune Response
Pathogenic Aspects
Flow Cytometry
Methylobacter bovis
T-Lymphocyte
Pathogenesis
Heparin
Whole Blood
Histidine

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