Oct 9, 2002

Mice with chronic norepinephrine deficiency resemble amphetamine-sensitized animals

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
David WeinshenkerRichard D Palmiter


Acute pharmacological blockade of alpha1 adrenoreceptors (ARs) attenuates the locomotor response to amphetamine (LRA). We took a genetic approach to study how norepinephrine (NE) signaling modulates psychostimulant responses by testing LRA in dopamine beta-hydroxylase knockout (Dbh-/-) mice that lack NE. Surprisingly, Dbh-/- animals were hypersensitive to the behavioral effects of amphetamine. Amphetamine (2 mg/kg) elicited greater locomotor activity in Dbh-/- mice compared to controls, whereas 5 mg/kg caused stereotypy in Dbh-/- mice, which is only observed in control mice at higher doses. Prazosin, an alpha1AR antagonist, attenuated LRA in Dbh+/- mice but had no effect in Dbh-/- mice. Changes in the sensitivity of dopamine (DA)-signaling pathways may contribute to the altered amphetamine responses of Dbh-/- mice because they were relatively insensitive to a D1 agonist and hypersensitive to a D2 agonist. Daily amphetamine administration resulted in behavioral sensitization in both Dbh+/- and Dbh-/- mice, demonstrating that NE is not required for the development or expression of behavioral sensitization. Daily prazosin administration blunted but did not completely block locomotor sensitization in Dbh+/- mice, suggesting that al...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Quinpirole Hydrochloride
Biochemical Pathway
Prefrontal Cortex
SK&F 81297
Antagonist Muscle Action
Dopamine D2 Receptor
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer
Amphetamine Drug Class Measurement

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Jesse R SchankDavid Weinshenker
Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
David Weinshenker, Jason P Schroeder
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved