Microbial contributions to subterranean methane sinks

Geobiology
Jay T LennonA Schimmelmann

Abstract

Sources and sinks of methane (CH4 ) are critical for understanding global biogeochemical cycles and their role in climate change. A growing number of studies have reported that CH4 concentrations in cave ecosystems are depleted, leading to the notion that these subterranean environments may act as sinks for atmospheric CH4 . Recently, it was hypothesized that this CH4 depletion may be caused by radiolysis, an abiotic process whereby CH4 is oxidized via interactions with ionizing radiation derived from radioactive decay. An alternate explanation is that the depletion of CH4 concentrations in caves could be due to biological processes, specifically oxidation by methanotrophic bacteria. We theoretically explored the radiolysis hypothesis and conclude that it is a kinetically constrained process that is unlikely to lead to the rapid loss of CH4 in subterranean environments. We present results from a controlled laboratory experiment to support this claim. We then tested the microbial oxidation hypothesis with a set of mesocosm experiments that were conducted in two Vietnamese caves. Our results reveal that methanotrophic bacteria associated with cave rocks consume CH4 at a rate of 1.3-2.7 mg CH4  · m-2  · d-1 . These CH4 oxidation r...Continue Reading

References

Feb 6, 2004·Environmental Microbiology·Elena HutchensJ Colin Murrell
Aug 4, 2006·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Jennifer L MacaladySandro Mariani
Oct 13, 2009·FEMS Microbiology Ecology·Lejla PasićBlagajana Herzog-Velikonja
Jan 15, 2011·Nature Reviews. Microbiology·Jay T Lennon, Stuart E Jones
Jan 17, 2013·Nature Reviews. Microbiology·Tori M Hoehler, Bo Barker Jørgensen
Apr 12, 2015·Journal of Environmental Radioactivity·Miriam Alvarez-GallegoSergio Sanchez-Moral
Apr 29, 2015·Nature Communications·Angel Fernandez-CortesSergio Sanchez-Moral

Citations

Aug 18, 2017·Scientific Reports·Chris L WaringGraham Bell
Sep 28, 2017·The ISME Journal·Clemens KarwautzTillmann Lueders

Related Concepts

Methane
Oxidation-Reduction
Environment
Laboratory
Methane
Oxidation
Pulse Radiolysis
Grassland
Size
Research Study

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved