PMID: 7619203Mar 1, 1995

Microbial resistance to formaldehyde. III> Dependence of the microbial effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecium and spores of Bacillus stearothermophilus on temperature

Zentralblatt für Hygiene und Umweltmedizin = International journal of hygiene and environmental medicine
G Spicher, J Peters

Abstract

Temperature dependence of microbicidal efficacy of formaldehyde was examined with suspension tests (pH 7.0). Test germs were Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecium and spores of Bacillus stearothermophilus. The methodology was nearly the same as in previous investigations (5, 7). At given exposure periods and temperatures formaldehyde concentrations necessary to produce a microbicidal effect of log (N/N0) = -4.0 (concentrations of equal efficacy) were determined. N and N0 represent the numbers of colony-forming units in suspensions with and without formaldehyde, respectively. On rectangular graphic representation with the reciprocal value of absolute temperature on the abscissa and with the logarithm of the formaldehyde concentration on the ordinate, the formaldehyde concentrations of equal efficacy fitted straight lines. Lines referring to different exposure periods nearly paralleled each other. With increasing exposure periods the steepness of the lines decreased slightly. This effect was most pronounced with Staphylococcus aureus as a test germ. The ratio of formaldehyde concentrations of equal efficacy for exposure periods of 120 minutes at 20 degrees C and 30 degrees C, respectively, was 3.1:1 with Staphylococcus aure...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Geobacillus stearothermophilus
Antibiotic Resistance, Microbial
Formol
Fungus Drug Sensitivity Tests
Spores, Bacterial
Staphylococcus aureus
Enterococcus faecium

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