Oct 1, 1989

Microinjection of metallothionein-oncomodulin DNA into fertilized mouse embryos is correlated with fetal lethality

Oncogene
L E ChalifourA M Mes-Masson

Abstract

Oncomodulin (ONCO) is an oncodevelopmental protein expressed in placental and extraembryonic tissue and re-expressed in a wide variety of tumors. The metallothionein promoter (MT) is active in numerous adult tissues, in parietal and visceral extraembryonic endoderm, and developing liver. To study the function of oncomodulin we microinjected MT-ONCO DNA into one-cell embryos and examined tissues of fetal and adult mice. Analysis of implant sites from embryos, microinjected with MT-ONCO DNA then placed into pseudopregnant females, indicated a greater than three-fold increase in empty and necrotic implant sites relative to SV2NEO-microinjected embryos and a seven-fold rise relative to non-microinjected embryos. The striking feature of the lethality was the presence of a normal placenta but absence of fetal tissue. Few MT-ONCO DNA transgenic mice were isolated (3.5%) and none were able to express oncomodulin protein or RNA in any tissue examined, even after prolonged heavy metal stimulation of the MT promoter. Fetal mortality is best correlated with expression of oncomodulin causing an interruption of either cellular differentiation or organogenesis before day 9 in development.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Mt1
Microinjections
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Neoplasms
Cell Differentiation Process
Founder Mice, Transgenic
Calcium-Binding Proteins
Ocm
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Metallothionein IIA

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