Oct 1, 1989

Microinjection of metallothionein-oncomodulin DNA into fertilized mouse embryos is correlated with fetal lethality

L E ChalifourA M Mes-Masson


Oncomodulin (ONCO) is an oncodevelopmental protein expressed in placental and extraembryonic tissue and re-expressed in a wide variety of tumors. The metallothionein promoter (MT) is active in numerous adult tissues, in parietal and visceral extraembryonic endoderm, and developing liver. To study the function of oncomodulin we microinjected MT-ONCO DNA into one-cell embryos and examined tissues of fetal and adult mice. Analysis of implant sites from embryos, microinjected with MT-ONCO DNA then placed into pseudopregnant females, indicated a greater than three-fold increase in empty and necrotic implant sites relative to SV2NEO-microinjected embryos and a seven-fold rise relative to non-microinjected embryos. The striking feature of the lethality was the presence of a normal placenta but absence of fetal tissue. Few MT-ONCO DNA transgenic mice were isolated (3.5%) and none were able to express oncomodulin protein or RNA in any tissue examined, even after prolonged heavy metal stimulation of the MT promoter. Fetal mortality is best correlated with expression of oncomodulin causing an interruption of either cellular differentiation or organogenesis before day 9 in development.

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Mice, Inbred BALB C
Cell Differentiation Process
Founder Mice, Transgenic
Calcium-Binding Proteins
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Metallothionein IIA

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.