As plastics have been omnipresent in society ever since their introduction in 1907, global plastic production has ballooned in the 20th century or the Plasticene Era (Plastic Age). After their useful life span, they deliberately or accidentally, are disposed of in the environment. Influenced by different factors, plastics undergo fragmentation into microplastics (MPs) and present hazardous risks in all life forms including humans. Obliterating MPs from the environment has been a global challenge for the attainment of sustainable development goals (SDGs). This review aims to present MP degradation routes with a great focus on the thermodegradation and biodegradation routes as sustainable routes of MP degradation. These routes can achieve the reduction and obliteration of MPs in the environment, thus reducing their hazardous effects. Moreover, the thermodegradation of MPs can produce fuels that help solve the dilemma of energy security. Overall, continued research and development are still needed, however, these novel approaches and the increased awareness of the microplastics' hazards give us hope that we can achieve sustainable development in the near future.
Effects of mechanical and chemical processes on the degradation of plastic beach debris on the island of Kauai, Hawaii
Degradation of polyester polyurethane by a newly isolated soil bacterium, Bacillus subtilis strain MZA-75
Biodegradation of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) by mixed culture of Lysinibacillus xylanilyticus and Aspergillus niger in soil
Modeling spatial segregation and travel cost influences on utilitarian walking: Towards policy intervention
Biodegradation and Mineralization of Polystyrene by Plastic-Eating Mealworms: Part 1. Chemical and Physical Characterization and Isotopic Tests
Biodegradation and Mineralization of Polystyrene by Plastic-Eating Mealworms: Part 2. Role of Gut Microorganisms
From macroplastic to microplastic: Degradation of high-density polyethylene, polypropylene, and polystyrene in a salt marsh habitat
Long-term aging and degradation of microplastic particles: Comparing in situ oceanic and experimental weathering patterns
Microplastics in the aquatic and terrestrial environment: sources (with a specific focus on personal care products), fate and effects
Combined Effects of UV Exposure Duration and Mechanical Abrasion on Microplastic Fragmentation by Polymer Type
Tissue accumulation of microplastics in mice and biomarker responses suggest widespread health risks of exposure
Solutions to microplastic pollution - Removal of microplastics from wastewater effluent with advanced wastewater treatment technologies
Growth kinetics and biodeterioration of polypropylene microplastics by Bacillus sp. and Rhodococcus sp. isolated from mangrove sediment
Degradation of polyethylene microplastics in seawater: Insights into the environmental degradation of polymers
A critical review on the sources and instruments of marine microplastics and prospects on the relevant management in China
Toxicity-based toxicokinetic/toxicodynamic assessment for bioaccumulation of polystyrene microplastics in mice
Measurement of Tumor Antioxidant Capacity and Prediction of Chemotherapy Resistance in Preclinical Models of Ovarian Cancer by Positron Emission Tomography
The ecotoxicological effects of microplastics on aquatic food web, from primary producer to human: A review
Influences of operating parameters on liquefaction performances of Tetra Pak in sub-/supercritical water
Interaction between microplastics and microorganism as well as gut microbiota: A consideration on environmental animal and human health
Reproductive toxicity of primary and secondary microplastics to three cladocerans during chronic exposure
Municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill: A source of microplastics? -Evidence of microplastics in landfill leachate
Enhanced in situ biodegradation of microplastics in sewage sludge using hyperthermophilic composting technology.
Effect of weathering on environmental behavior of microplastics: Properties, sorption and potential risks
Environmental behaviors of microplastics in aquatic systems: A systematic review on degradation, adsorption, toxicity and biofilm under aging conditions.
Biofuels are produced through contemporary processes from biomass rather than geological processes involved in fossil fuel formation. Examples include biodiesel, green diesel, biogas, etc. Discover the latest research on biofuels in this feed.