Mar 25, 2020

MicroRNA and their potential role in the pathogenesis of hemorrhagic stroke

Zhurnal voprosy neĭrokhirurgii imeni N. N. Burdenko
I F GareevV V Nazarov

Abstract

Spontaneous (non-traumatic) intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), or hemorrhagic stroke, is a common and serious disease with high morbidity and mortality. Current methods of treating hemorrhagic stroke, from conservative to surgical, are insufficient, which justifies the continuation of the study of this condition, including cellular and molecular changes that occur during a stroke. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that play an important role in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. MicroRNAs are involved in almost all biological processes, including cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell differentiation, and are also key substances in pathophysiological processes in many diseases, and therefore they can be both potential biomarkers and new therapeutic targets in cancer, degenerative and cardiovascular disease. In recent years, a number of studies have been aimed at studying the role of microRNAs in pathophysiological processes in hemorrhagic stroke, such as apoptosis, inflammation, oxidative stress, violation of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and cerebral edema. The results of the studies demonstrated that changes in miRNA expression may be associated with the prognosis of ICH. In this article, w...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cell Proliferation
MicroRNAs
Apoptosis
Cardiovascular Diseases
RNA
Oxidative Stress
Brain Hemorrhage
Cerebrovascular Accident
Cell Differentiation Process
Cerebral Edema

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