PMID: 1260056Apr 16, 1976Paper

Microviscosity parameters and protein mobility in biological membranes

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
M Shinitzky, M Inbar


A fluorescence polarization technique with 1,6-diphenyl 1,3,5-hexatriene as a probe were employed to determine the microviscosity, n, in liposomes and biological membranes of different cholesterol to phospholipid mol ratio. From the temperature profile of n the flow activation energy, deltaE, and the unit flow volume, V, were derived. The increase of cholesterol/phospholipid ratio in liposomes is followed by a marked increase in n and a decrease in both deltaE and V. Liposomes of the same phospholipid composition as human erythrocyte membranes display in the extreme cases of cholesterol/phospholipid ratios 0 and 1.4 the values of n(25 degrees C) = 1.8 and 9.1 P, and deltaE = 15.0 and 6.5 kcal/mol, respectively. For most membranes studied the fluorescence polarization characteristics and the corresponding n values are similar to those obtained with these liposomes when the cholesterol/phospholipid level of the liposomes and the membranes were the same. However, unlike in liposomes deltaE of all membranes is in the narrow range of 6.5-8.5 kcal/mol, regardless of its cholesterol/phospholipid level. It is plausible that this is a general characteristic of biological membranes which originates from the vertical movement of membrane ...Continue Reading


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