Mid-term results of a second generation bifurcated endovascular graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: the French Vanguard trial

Journal of Vascular Surgery
J P BecqueminH Rousseau

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate prospectively the results of the bifurcated Vanguard endovascular graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. Seventy-five patients, with a median age of 69.6 years (range, 48 to 88 years) and asymptomatic AAAs, were recruited in 14 French vascular institutions. An independent committee validated the indications for endovascular repair, and all the implantations were supervised by a well-trained medico-technical assistant. Further independent committees reviewed patient data, clinical data, and imaging follow-up examination. The main endpoints were implantation success, mortality, morbidity, reinterventions, and aneurysm evolution assessed with serial computed tomographic (CT) scanning. All the grafts were successfully implanted, resulting in a 100% success rate on an intent-to-treat basis. At discharge, there were no deaths, six significant local complications (8%) that necessitated surgery, no vascular complications, and six systemic complications (8%). The average durations of intensive care unit and hospital stays were 26 +/- 6 hours and 6 +/- 2.54 days, respectively. Predischarge CT scan results showed five type I and 18 type II endoleaks (total, 30%). At the end of the follo...Continue Reading

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