May 1, 1988

Middle cerebral artery occlusion in the hypertensive and normotensive rat: a study of histopathology and behaviour

Journal of Hypertension
M GrabowskiB B Johansson


Brain infarct size and behaviour were studied in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) 3 weeks after occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery in order to compare the effects of vascular occlusions on the normotensive and hypertensive cerebral vasculature. The brain tissue reduction, assessed by measuring the cross-sectional area of remaining tissue and weight of the cerebral hemispheres, was greater in SHR than in WKY (P less than 0.01). Deficits in sensorimotor integration were highly correlated to the degree of brain damage (r = 0.91). Amphetamine induced no rotation asymmetry in normal rats, whereas lesioned rats rotated more ipsilaterally to the lesion (P less than 0.05). Rotation asymmetry did not correlate with total infarct size. The more severe outcome after middle cerebral artery occlusion in SHR as opposed to WKY, can probably be explained by reduced collateral capacity secondary to the altered vascular design in hypertension.

  • References
  • Citations31


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Rats, Inbred SHR
Behavior, Animal
Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery
Rats, Inbred WKY
Hypertensive Disease
Sensory Thresholds
Crescendo Transient Ischemic Attacks
Brain Damage, Chronic
Rat-Bite Fever
Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.