Migration or residency? The evolution of movement behavior and information usage in seasonal environments

The American Naturalist
Allison K Shaw, Iain D Couzin

Abstract

Migration, the seasonal movement of individuals among different locations, is a behavior found throughout the animal kingdom. Although migration is widely studied at taxonomically restricted levels, cross-taxonomic syntheses of migration are less common. As a result, we lack answers to broad questions such as what ultimate factors generally drive animal migration. Here we present such a synthesis by using a spatially explicit, individual-based model in which we evolve behavior rules via simulations under a wide range of ecological conditions to answer two questions. First, under what types of ecological conditions can an individual maximize its fitness by migrating (vs. being a resident)? Second, what types of information do individuals use to guide their movement? We show that migration is selected for when resource distributions are dominated more by seasonality than by local patchiness, and residency (nonmigratory behavior) is selected for when the reverse is true. When selected for, migration evolves as both a movement behavior and an information usage strategy. We also find that different types of migration can evolve, depending on the ecological conditions and availability of information. Finally, we present empirical sup...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mar 13, 2014·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·David M Logue, Michelle L Hall
Feb 13, 2016·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Camila GómezCarlos Daniel Cadena
May 7, 2016·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Julien CoteA J Mark Hewison
Nov 7, 2016·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Austin J GallagherSteven J Cooke
Jan 30, 2018·Science Advances·Eleanor R BrushJessica C Flack
May 7, 2020·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Silke BauerZoltan Barta
May 4, 2018·Theory in Biosciences = Theorie in Den Biowissenschaften·Hidekazu Yoshioka, Yuta Yaegashi
Mar 19, 2020·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Tiago de Zoeten, Francisco Pulido
May 26, 2017·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Chloe Bracis, Thomas Mueller
Mar 27, 2018·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Jane M ReidCalvin Dytham
Jul 28, 2020·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Adam Shellard, Roberto Mayor
Feb 26, 2019·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·William F Fagan
Mar 31, 2021·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Shawan ChowdhuryMyron P Zalucki
Sep 9, 2020·Current Biology : CB·William F Fagan, Eliezer Gurarie

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