Mindfulness instruction for HIV-infected youth: a randomized controlled trial

AIDS Care
Lindsey WebbErica M S Sibinga

Abstract

HIV-infected youth experience many stressors, including stress related to their illness, which can negatively impact their mental and physical health. Therefore, there is a significant need to identify potentially effective interventions to improve stress management, coping, and self-regulation. The object of the study was to assess the effect of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program compared to an active control group on psychological symptoms and HIV disease management in youth utilizing a randomized controlled trial. Seventy-two HIV-infected adolescents, ages 14-22 (mean age 18.71 years), were enrolled from two urban clinics and randomized to MBSR or an active control. Data were collected on mindfulness, stress, self-regulation, psychological symptoms, medication adherence, and cognitive flexibility at baseline, post-program, and 3-month follow-up. CD4+ T lymphocyte and HIV viral load (HIV VL) counts were also pulled from medical records. HIV-infected youth in the MBSR group reported higher levels of mindfulness (P = .03), problem-solving coping (P = .03), and life satisfaction (P = .047), and lower aggression (P = .002) than those in the control group at the 3-month follow-up. At post-program, MBSR participant...Continue Reading

Associated Clinical Trials

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Citations

Jul 24, 2020·Journal of Investigative Medicine : the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research·Sasha AlconJoseph Steven Cervia
Sep 2, 2020·Journal of the International AIDS Society·Christina A LaurenziDavid A Ross
Sep 10, 2020·Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology·Wenli MuScott G Kitchen
Jul 10, 2020·Community Mental Health Journal·Alexandra S WimberlyErica M S Sibinga
May 9, 2021·BMC Infectious Diseases·Talitha Crowley, Anke Rohwer
Jun 9, 2021·Psychotherapy Research : Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research·Shufang SunJudson A Brewer

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