MiR-139-5p suppresses osteosarcoma cell growth and invasion through regulating DNMT1

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yong-Kang Shi, Yu-Hua Guo

Abstract

Accumulating evidence has suggested the crucial roles of differentially expressed miRNAs in osteosarcoma progression. MiR-139-5p was decreased in various cancers. However, the role of miR-139-5p in the development of osteosarcoma and the underlying mechanism remain to be addressed. MiR-139-5p and DNA methyltransferase-1 (DNMT1) mRNA expressions in osteosarcoma tissues and cells were detected by qRT-PCR and western blot analysis. The effects of miR-139-5p and DNMT1 on osteosarcoma cell migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were investigated through cell migration and invasion assays, and western blot analysis. The relationship between miR-139-5p and DNMT1was explored using luciferase reporter analysis and western blot. A xenograft tumor model was employed to verify the effects of miR-139-5p on osteosarcoma. We found that miR-139-5p was strikingly decreased in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines. MiR-139-5p over-expression suppressed osteosarcoma cell growth, migration and invasion, while loss of miR-139-5p promoted osteosarcoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Following, we characterized that DNMT1 was a direct target of miR-139-5p that interacted with the 3'-untranslated region of DNMT1. MiR...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

MIRN139 microRNA, mouse
microRNA-139-3p, human
DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase 1
Metazoa
Malignant Bone Neoplasm
Mice, Nude
Neoplasm Invasiveness
Osteosarcoma
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
RNA, Small Temporal

Related Feeds

Cell Migration

Cell migration is involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes such as embryonic development, cancer metastasis, blood vessel formation and remoulding, tissue regeneration, immune surveillance and inflammation. Here is the latest research.

Cell Migration in Cancer and Metastasis

Migration of cancer cells into surrounding tissue and the vasculature is an initial step in tumor metastasis. Discover the latest research on cell migration in cancer and metastasis here.