DOI: 10.1101/507038Dec 27, 2018Paper

miRNAs, target genes expression and morphological analysis on the heart in gestational protein-restricted offspring

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
José A.R. GontijoPatrícia Aline Boer

Abstract

BACKGROUND Gestational protein restriction was associated with low birth weight, hypertension and higher prevalence of cardiac disorders in adults. Several mechanisms, including epigenetics, could be related with the cardiovascular phenotype on protein-restricted offspring. Thus, we investigated the morphological cardiac effects of gestational protein restriction and left ventricle miRNAs and target genes expression pattern in both 12-day and 16-week old gestational protein-restricted male offspring. METHODS Pregnant Wistar rats were allocated into two groups, according to protein supply during pregnancy: NP (normal protein diet- 17%) or LP (low protein diet - 6%). The study evaluates the effects of maternal protein restriction on food consumption and body weight of both pregnant dams and offspring, systolic blood pressure in 16-wk old offspring and on cardiac morphometric and molecular parameters in both 12-d and 16-wk old offspring. RESULTS: Dams on the gestational protein-restricted diet had lower body weight gain and higher food intake. Gestational protein-restricted offspring had low birth weight, followed by rapidly body weight recovery, hypertension, and increased myocytes cross-sectional area and collagen fraction at 16...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Blood Pressure
Collagen
Diet
Gene Expression
Genes
Heart
Heart Diseases
Hypertensive Disease
Metabolism
Pregnant Women

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