Mistranslating tRNA identifies a deleterious S213P mutation in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae eco1-1 allele

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Y. ZhuC. J. Brandl

Abstract

Mistranslation occurs when an amino acid not specified by the standard genetic code is incorporated during translation. Since the ribosome does not read the amino acid, tRNA variants aminoacylated with a non-cognate amino acid or containing a non-cognate anticodon dramatically increase the frequency of mistranslation. In a systematic genetic analysis, we identified a suppression interaction between tRNASerUGG, G26A, which mistranslates proline codons by inserting serine, and eco1-1, a temperature sensitive allele of the gene encoding an acetyltransferase required for sister chromatid cohesion. The suppression was partial with a tRNA that inserts alanine at proline codons and not apparent for a tRNA that inserts serine at arginine codons. Sequencing of the eco1-1 allele revealed a mutation that would convert the highly conserved serine 213 within {beta}7 of the GCN5-related N-acetyltransferase core to proline. Mutation of P213 in eco1-1 back to the wild-type serine restored function of the enzyme at elevated temperature. Our results indicate the utility of mistranslating tRNA variants to identify functionally relevant mutations and identify eco1 as a reporter for mistranslation. We propose that mistranslation could be used as a ...Continue Reading

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