Aug 27, 2014

Mitochondrial DNA variation in Tajiks living in Tajikistan

Legal Medicine
Igor V OvchinnikovOlga I Kholina

Abstract

This study aimed to characterize mtDNA control region (positions 16,024-576) of unrelated Tajiks living in Tajikistan. DNA was isolated from saliva specimens stored on FTA cards. The mtDNA fragments were amplified and directly sequenced in forward and reverse directions. Haplogroups were determined using HaploGrep and the diagnostic polymorphisms in the coding region of mtDNA. The Tajik mtDNA pool was characterized by substantial admixture of western and eastern Eurasian haplogroups, 62.6% and 26.4% sequences, respectively. It also contained 9.9% of South Asian and 1.1% of African haplotypes. The Tajik mtDNA sequences belonged to 90 different haplotypes defined by 148 transitions and 13 transversions in 156 of 1122 nucleotide sites. The Tajik mtDNA pool demonstrated the high genetic variation with genetic diversity of 0.999±0.002, nucleotide diversity of 0.014±0.007, and the mean number of pairwise nucleotide differences of 15.38±6.93. The random match probability and the power of discrimination were 0.0112 and 0.9888, respectively. Ethno-territorial groups of Tajiks demonstrated significant genetic differentiation with 2.67% of the genetic variance explained by differences between subpopulations. This study provides the insigh...Continue Reading

  • References24
  • Citations2

References

  • References24
  • Citations2

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Genetic Drift
DNA, Mitochondrial
Genetics, Population
Saliva - SpecimenType
Phylogeny
Nucleotides
Phylogeography
Saliva
Open Reading Frames
Fragments

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.