Aug 27, 2014

Mitochondrial DNA variation in Tajiks living in Tajikistan

Legal Medicine
Igor V OvchinnikovOlga I Kholina


This study aimed to characterize mtDNA control region (positions 16,024-576) of unrelated Tajiks living in Tajikistan. DNA was isolated from saliva specimens stored on FTA cards. The mtDNA fragments were amplified and directly sequenced in forward and reverse directions. Haplogroups were determined using HaploGrep and the diagnostic polymorphisms in the coding region of mtDNA. The Tajik mtDNA pool was characterized by substantial admixture of western and eastern Eurasian haplogroups, 62.6% and 26.4% sequences, respectively. It also contained 9.9% of South Asian and 1.1% of African haplotypes. The Tajik mtDNA sequences belonged to 90 different haplotypes defined by 148 transitions and 13 transversions in 156 of 1122 nucleotide sites. The Tajik mtDNA pool demonstrated the high genetic variation with genetic diversity of 0.999±0.002, nucleotide diversity of 0.014±0.007, and the mean number of pairwise nucleotide differences of 15.38±6.93. The random match probability and the power of discrimination were 0.0112 and 0.9888, respectively. Ethno-territorial groups of Tajiks demonstrated significant genetic differentiation with 2.67% of the genetic variance explained by differences between subpopulations. This study provides the insigh...Continue Reading

  • References24
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  • References24
  • Citations2


Mentioned in this Paper

Genetic Drift
DNA, Mitochondrial
Genetics, Population
Saliva - SpecimenType
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