Mitochondrial dynamics regulate genome stability via control of caspase-dependent DNA damage

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
K. CaoStephen W G Tait

Abstract

Mitochondrial dysfunction is interconnected with cancer. Nevertheless, how defective mitochondria promote cancer is poorly understood. We find that mitochondrial dysfunction promotes DNA damage under conditions of increased apoptotic priming. Underlying this process, we reveal a key role for mitochondrial dynamics in the regulation of DNA damage and genome instability. The ability of mitochondrial dynamics to regulate oncogenic DNA damage centres upon the control of minority MOMP, a process that enables non-lethal caspase activation leading to DNA damage. Mitochondrial fusion suppresses minority MOMP, and its associated DNA damage, by enabling homogenous mitochondrial expression of anti-apoptotic BCL-2 proteins. Finally, we find that mitochondrial dysfunction inhibits pro-apoptotic BAX retrotranslocation, causing BAX mitochondrial localization thereby promoting minority MOMP. Unexpectedly, these data reveal oncogenic effects of mitochondrial dysfunction that are mediated via mitochondrial dynamics and caspase-dependent DNA damage.

Datasets Mentioned

BETA
ABT-737

Methods Mentioned

BETA
Fluorescence
super-resolution microscopy
confocal microscopy
flow cytometry

Software Mentioned

Airyscan
Scarlet
Imaris
IncuCyte

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