Feb 14, 2002

Mitogen- and ultraviolet-B-induced signaling pathways in normal human melanocytes

The Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Akihiro TadaZalfa A Abdel-Malek

Abstract

In normal human melanocytes various mitogens activate the mitogen-activated protein kinases ERK1/2 and the downstream transcription factor CREB (Ca2+/cAMP response element binding protein). Endothelin-1, basic fibroblast growth factor, and alpha-melanotropin interact synergistically to stimulate human melanocyte proliferation. The former two mitogens phosphorylated ERK1/2, its substrate p90rsk, and CREB. Alpha-melanotropin, forskolin, or dibutyryl cAMP failed to phosphorylate any of those targets, however. The concomitant presence of endothelin-1, basic fibroblast growth factor, and alpha-melanotropin significantly potentiated CREB phosphorylation. The mitogen-induced phosphorylation of p90rsk and CREB was dependent on ERK1/2 activation, and was mediated by intracellular calcium mobilization and by protein kinase C and tyrosine kinase activation, but not by activation of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase A. Exposure of melanocytes to ultraviolet radiation B resulted in the phosphorylation of the stress-induced mitogen- activated protein kinases p38 and JNK/SAPK, but not ERK1/2. Ultraviolet radiation B induced the phosphorylation of CREB via a pathway that was partially dependent on p38, but had no effect on p90rsk or ERK1/2. Th...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Colforsin
Biochemical Pathway
RPS6KA1
Cyclic AMP-Responsive DNA-Binding Protein
Melanocyte
MAPK3 wt Allele
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Calcium
Protoplasm
Protein Phosphorylation

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