PMID: 10321726May 13, 1999Paper

Mitogen-activated protein kinase involves neutrophil elastase-induced morphological changes in human bronchial epithelial cells

Life Sciences
S HashimotoT Horie

Abstract

Neutrophil elastase (NE) promotes the detachment of airway epithelial cells; however, changes in overall morphology of NE-stimulated bronchial epithelial cell (BEC) monolayer are different from trypsin stimulation. Ras/Raf-initiated-mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) also known as extracellular signal-regulated kinase, pathway regulates integrin functions which participate in regulating attachment and detachment of cell and cellular morphology. However, little is known about the role of MAPK in NE-induced changes in overall morphology of BEC. In the present study, we examined the role of MAPK in NE-induced changes in overall morphology of BEC monolayer. To this end, we examined changes in cellular morphology and MAPK activation in NE-stimulated BEC monolayer, and the effect of PD 98059 as the specific inhibitor for MAPK kinase-1 (MEK-1, the upstream regulator of MAPK) on NE-induced changes in cellular morphology and MAPK activation. The results showed that in stimulation of NE, BECs detached and gaps developed, and MAPK activation was observed. PD 98059 attenuated NE-induced changes in cellular morphology as well as MAPK activation. These results indicated that in addition to proteolytic activity of NE on extracellular mat...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mar 11, 2004·Life Sciences·Chien-Da HuangHan-Pin Kuo
Mar 11, 2000·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·S MaruokaT Horie
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