PMID: 7083538Aug 1, 1982Paper

Mitral valve replacement after closed mitral commissurotomy

R RutledgeJ J Schier


Closed mitral commissurotomy (CMC) was performed at the National Heart Institute in 303 patients (73% women, 27% men; mean age 40 years) with acquired isolated mitral stenosis between 1954 and 1980. The average mean mitral valve gradient decreased from 14.2 +/- 0.4 to 5.3 +/- 0.4 mm Hg (p less than 0.001), and mitral valve area index increased from 0.7 +/- 0.03 to 1.4 +/- 0.9 cm2/m2 (p less than 0.001). The perioperative mortality was 2%. Ninety-two percent of patients improved one or more functional classes after CMC. Actuarial survival was 95%, 82% and 70% at 5, 10 and 15 years after CMC, respectively. Fifty-four patients (18%) required mitral valve replacement (MVR) a mean of 9.6 years after commissurotomy (range 1-26 years). Before CMC, factors associated with later MVR included preoperative functional class, calcification of the mitral valve, and the absence of an opening snap. After CMC, poor functional improvement, congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, and the necessity for a repeat CMC were associated with late MVR. Catheterization after CMC showed that patients who later required MVR had a smaller decrease in left atrial pressure (p less than 0.001), more mitral regurgitation (p less than 0.001), and were more...Continue Reading

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