Jun 6, 2020

MlaFEDB displays flippase activity to promote phospholipid transport towards the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
G. W. HughesTimothy J Knowles

Abstract

MlaFEDB is a Gram-negative inner membrane protein complex involved in the inter membrane trafficking of phospholipids. Originally proposed to transport phospholipids in a retrograde direction, recent evidence suggests MlaFEDB may actually export phospholipids from the inner membrane to the periplasmic carrier protein, MlaC, potentially suggesting a role in either anterograde trafficking of phospholipids to the outer membrane or bidirectional phospholipid movement. MlaFEDB is part of the ABC transporter superfamily of proteins and has been shown to hydrolyse ATP through the cytoplasmic facing MlaF component. However, the movement of PLs from FEDB to MlaC has been shown to occur in an ATP independent fashion hence the role of ATP hydrolysis within this complex remains unclear. In this study we sought to elucidate the role of ATP and provide evidence to suggest MlaFEDB has flippase activity, utilising ATP hydrolysis to translocate phospholipids from the outer to the inner leaflet of the IM. We also show that in the absence of ATP MlaFEDB mediates the loading of MlaC with phospholipids directly from the inner leaflet only. Our data provides a novel role for MlaFEDB and presents a link between Mla driven phospholipid transport and A...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Biochemical Pathway
Transcriptional Regulation
Galactose Measurement
Genes
Regulation of Biological Process
Sequence Determinations, RNA
Environment
Properdin Deficiency, X-LINKED
L-ascorbic Acid Biosynthetic Process

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