Mobilization of manufactured gas plant tar with alkaline flushing solutions.

Environmental Science & Technology
S C HauswirthC T Miller

Abstract

This experimental study investigates the use of alkaline and alkaline-polymer solutions for the mobilization of former manufactured gas plant (FMGP) tars. Tar-aqueous interfacial tensions (IFTs) and contact angles were measured, and column flushing experiments were conducted. NaOH solutions (0.01-1 wt.%) were found to significantly reduce tar-aqueous IFT. Contact angles indicated a shift to strongly water-wet, then to tar-wet conditions as NaOH concentration increased. Column experiments were conducted with flushing solutions containing 0.2, 0.35, and 0.5% NaOH, both with and without xanthan gum (XG). Between 10 and 44% of the residual tar was removed by solutions containing only NaOH, while solutions containing both NaOH and XG removed 81-93% of the tar with final tar saturations as low as 0.018. The mechanism responsible for the tar removal is likely a combination of reduced IFT, a favorable viscosity ratio, and tar bank formation. Such an approach may have practical applications and would be significantly less expensive than surfactant-based methods.

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Aug 30, 2011·Journal of Contaminant Hydrology·P Schultz BirakC T Miller

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Citations

Aug 21, 2012·Environmental Science & Technology·Scott C HauswirthCass T Miller
Sep 6, 2014·Journal of Contaminant Hydrology·Scott C Hauswirth, Cass T Miller
May 27, 2017·Environmental Science & Technology·Li WangDayi Deng
Oct 14, 2018·Journal of Contaminant Hydrology·Saeid ShafieiyounMike Marley
Sep 9, 2020·Journal of Contaminant Hydrology·Scott C HauswirthCass T Miller

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