Sep 7, 1976

Mode of orthophosphate uptake and ATP labeling by mammalian cells

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
W G Niehaus, R H Hammerstedt

Abstract

Incubation of HeLa cells with [32P]orthophosphate results in more rapid labeling of the gamma-phosphorus of ATP than of the intracellular pool of orthophosphate. The specific radioactivity of ATP equals that of extracellular orthophosphate after 2 h of incubation. A similar pattern of labeling is seen with human erythrocytes when incubated at physiological concentrations of orthophosphate (2 mM) and pH 7.4-7.8. At lower pH, 6.8-7.2, the rate of orthophosphate uptake increases and exceeds the rate of labeling of ATP. These data are explained by the existence of a primary system for ATP uptake which involves the mediation of membrane-bound glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. Phosphate first enters the cell as 1,3-diphosphoglyceric acid, is then transferred to ATP, and then enters the intracellular orthophosphate pool. At lower pH monovalent orthophosphate also enters the erythrocyte by a process not involving glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase.

Mentioned in this Paper

Extracellular
Protoplasm
GAPDH gene
Uptake
Phosphate Measurement
Phosphorus Measurement
Diphosphoglyceric Acids
Specimen Type - Erythrocytes
Red Blood Cell Count Measurement
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase

About this Paper

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