PMID: 41204Sep 1, 1979

Model experiments on nitrite and nitrate in simulated primeval conditions

Origins of Life
A Zohner, E Broda


In experiments on the prebiotic formation of nitric oxides, anoxic mixtures of N2 and water vapour were sparked in contact with phosphate buffer solutions at various pH values. Nitrite was found in the aqueous phase, and nitrate grew from it, presumably by reaction with H2O2. In acid solutions, these anions were reduced and destroyed by Fe2+, and the same was true of nitrite in solutions kept at a pH value similar to that of the contemporary ocean (8.2) with HEPES buffer. Nitrate was not destroyed in short-term experiments, but as in sparking nitrate is formed only vianitrite, neither anion could accumulate. In further sparking experiments with alkaline sulphide, both nitrite and nitrate were reduced entirely. It is concluded that it is unlikely that the primeval ocean contained appreciable concentrations of nitrite or nitrate either at the reducing or at the redox-neutral stage.


Jan 22, 2008·Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere : the Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life·H James CleavesJeffrey L Bada
May 9, 2012·Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere : the Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life·Soujanya SingireddyDaniel R Strongin
Aug 21, 2013·Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere : the Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life·Alexander D GordonDaniel R Strongin
Jan 1, 1982·Antonie van Leeuwenhoek·M R Betlach

Related Concepts

Nitric Oxide
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Origin of Life

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.